Weekly outline

  • General



    Credit : 3

    Master Program, Trisakti Institute of Tourism

    Dr. Diena Mutiara Lemy



    Dear students,

    Welcome to Tourist Attractions Development course. The course will take you to the development of tourist attraction, such as marine and mountainous area , cultural and heritage, rural and urban, the use of world climate for attraction, and last but not least, it is a transportation for tourist attraction development. Hope you will enjoy your trip

    Course Description:

    You will start your trip by finding out:

    • use of geography and spatial aspect that is used for tourist attraction, including climate factor at the destination
    • push and pull factor of travel pattern where people as a host and guest interaction at the destination
    • development process of physic and non-physic at each tourist attraction, such as uniqueness, facilities, infrastructure, transportation and local hospitality
    • it is also important to recognize impacts of development in social, economy, cultural and environment.

    During the course, we urge each of you to:

    • read the materials provided as well as surf the net for more resources
    • follow the schedule diligently
    • participate in the face-to-face meetings
    • participate in online discussion forum
    • do the given assignment anad submit it at the given time
    • work collabotaively in group as well as work on individual basis

    Here are the topics you are going to learn :

    • Introduction to Tourist Attraction Development
    • Marine Tourist Attraction Development
    • Historic Tourist Attraction Development
    • Cultural Tourist Attraction Development
    • Nature Base Tourist Attraction Development
    • Rural Tourist Attraction Development
    • Urban Tourist Attraction Development
    • Transport for Tourist Attraction Development


    Eiseman JR, F.B. 2012. Bali: Sekala & Niskala: Essay on Religion, Ritual and Art. Hongkong: Tuttle Publishing

    Fridgen, J.D. 1990. Dimensions of Tourism. USA: AHMA Education Institute

    Bell, S. 2008. Design for Outdoor Recreation. New York: Taylor & Francis

    Burton, R. 1995. Travel Geography. London: Pitman Publishing

    Fay, B. 1992. Essential of Tour Management. New Jersey: Prentice Hall

    Gunawan, M.P. 2009. Pergeseran Paradigma Pembangunan Pariwisata Indonesia. Program Studi Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Sekolah Arsitektur Perencanaan dan Pengembangan Kebijakan. Proceeding Seminar Internasional Perencanaan Wilayah. Bandung: Institut Teknologi Bandung.

    Halpeny, E.A. 2002. Tourism in Marine Protected Areas dalam Tourism in National Parks and Protected Areas: Planning and Management. Edited by Eagles, P.F.J., McCool, S.F. Canada: CABI Publishing.

    Hall, C.M., Harkonen, T. 2006. Lake Tourism: An Integrated Approach to Lacustrine Tourism System. Great Britain: Cromwell Press.

    Mancini, M. 2000. Selling Destination. New York: Pitman Publishing

    Rachman, A.F., Hutagalung, M.H., Silano, P.R.2013. Pemandu Wisata (Teori dan Praktik: City Tour, Excursion dan Overland Tour). Jakarta: Media Bangsa

    Rachman, A.F. 2014. Geografi Pariwisata Jawa dan Bali. Jakarta: Media Bangsa

    Swarbrooke, J. 2002. The Development and Management of Visitor Attractions. Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann


  • Introduction: Introduction to Tourist Attraction Development

    Dear students,

    Welcome to your destination, a TOURIST ATTRACTION DEVELOPMENT and you are ready to develop the attraction

    In this introduction you will learn:

    1. Push and pull factor of tourist attraction at destination
    2. Different climate at destination
    3. Type of tourist at the destination
    4. Development of spatial aspects

    What is tourist attraction? Tourist attraction is easy to understand, as long as these (natural or man-made) may attract your attention to visit.

    Why does it need to be developed? Tourist attraction will develop because increasing number of visitors and will more space to accommodate all the services.

    Lets watch the video how tourist attraction are developed:

    So, what do you think about tourist attraction development after watching the video above?

    Let's Discuss about it !

  • Marine Tourist Attraction Development

    Dear students, welcome to your next destination, it is a BEACH AND COASTAL TOURIST ATTRACTION DEVELOPMENT.

    In this session you will learn:

    1. Nature of beach resort
    2. The evolution of resort land use pattern
    3. Impact of beach resort development on the host region

    I have a question, does any of you do not like to visit beach destination? Infact, the beauty and warm of beach is one of favourite destination for every tourist in the world. Sun, sea and sand are the spirit of tropical tourist attraction in tropical country.


    What is BEACH RESORT tourist destination?

    Lets take a look to the video how marine tourist attraction



    So, what do you think about BEACH RESORT tourist attraction after watching the video above?
    Let's Discuss about it.
  • Historic Tourist Attraction Development

    Dear students, welcome to your next destination and you are ready to have time traveler in this HISTORICAL TOURIST ATTRACTION DEVELOPMENT.

    In this session you will learn:

    1. Major world distribution of historic features
    2. Historic resourcesClassification and spatial distribution of historic resource
    3. Dispersed historic resources and the destination life cycle
    4. Grouped historical resoruces in settlement
    5. Impacts of tourism and their management in historic towns

    What is historic resources?

    Historic resources are the surviving physical remnants from past civilisation and past eras. Just like time traveler, your imagination will be back to past time.

    MAJOR WORLD DISTRIBUTION OF HISTORIC FEATURES are very interesting to recognize. This is your first learning point in the session.


    So, what do you think about MAJOR WORLD DISTRIBUTION OF HISTORIC FEATURES after watching the video above?

  • Cultural Tourist Attraction Development

    Welcome to THE CULTURAL ATTRACTION TO TOURIST.This is you first learning point in this topic.

    First, you will see type of tourist such as Wanderlusters and Sunlusters that demanded to see the cultural attraction.

    Wanderlusters are tourist who visit more than one destination and actively seeking cultural experiences of exotic cultures such as tours to the hilltribes of Thailand (this is termed ethnic tourism by Harron and Weilter, 1992) in Burton (1995) to visit to other countries where the tourist enjoys the different culture as part of the tourist experience but it is more a backdrop to sightseeing activitiy rather than the specific focus of travel. This second form of tourism is more generally known as cultural tourism.

    Further more you can see a video of type of wanderluster in Bali:


    Sunlusters are tourist tend to visit one destination which is chosen for its physical character (be it the sun and beach, water resources for water sport or snow fields for skiing, etc.). The culture of the people in whose region or country these resources occur is of no particular interest to the sunluster, whose motivation is recreation, relaxation and entertainment. This type of tourist is a more passive recipient of cultural experiences and tends to culturally familiar form of entertaiment.

    Further more you will see a video of sunluster activities in Bali:


    What do you think about both video above? Lets discuss it
  • Nature Base Tourist Attraction Development

    How are you? Hope you are all fine. Are you ready to go to next destination? Now you are going to go nature base tourism and wilderness tourist attraction development. Since the 1960s there has been a growing interest in and awareness of the worlds wildlife and natural environment and mans impact on them.

    So, your first learning point in this topic is INTRODUCTION of wildlife and wilderness use for tourism. Your learning points are:

    • Nature based tourism | Nature based tourism involves travel to places for activities and experiences that are entirely depending on nature. Valentine (1992) in Burton (1995) defines nature based tourism as being primarily concerned with the direct enjoyment of some relatively undisturbed phenomenon of nature. Nature based tourism can therefore be distinguished from activity or adventure tourism such as climbing, skiing or sailing; the enjoyment of these pursuits may be enhanched by an undisturbed natural setting but is not entirely dependent on it.
    • Wilderness tourism | The appreciation of wild nature is also an intergral part of wilderness experience; wilderness tourist will seek the same undisturbed wild places as nature tourist. However, the wilderness tourist also requires solitude as an essential part of the wilderness experience (Hall, 1991) in Burton (1995).
    • Ecotourism | Many writers think of nature as being the same as ecotourism. Ceballos-Lascurain (1987) provide a widely quoted definition of ecotourism: travelling to relatively undisturbed or contaminated natura areas with the specific objective of studying, admiring and enjoying the scenery and its wild plants and animals, as well as any existing cultural manifestation (both past and present) found in the areas (Jenner dan Smith, 1992) in Burton (1995).


    Further more you can see a video below:

    What do you think about the video? I think it is amazing. So, lets discuss about it.

  • Rural Tourist Attraction Development

    Welcome back, you are in the sixth topic of the sesson, a RURAL TOURIST ATTRACTION DEVELOPMENT.

    THE NATURE OF RURAL TOURISM is first sub topic.

    The attraction of rural landscape depends on the qualities of their landform and land use. Most rural areas (other than untouched wilderness area) are used for some form of economic production (forestry or agriculture) and their landscape are, therefore, highly influenced and modified by mans acitivity, although by definition they contain no large urban developments. Rural areas do, however contain scattered settlements (farm, hamlet, village and small towns) but are characterised by low overall population densities. Tourism is attracted into these regions by their climate, natural features, landscape quality and rural way of life: because traditional agriculture creates the landscape and sustains the way of life, there is a very delicate relationship between tourism and agriculture.

    Rural tourism can be classified into:

    Further more about rural tourism, you can see a video below:



    Let's discuss about these videos above !

  • Urban Tourist Attraction Developement

    After exploring the rural tourism development, today you will learn other side of tourit development.

    Welcome to next destination, URBAN TOURIST ATTRACTION DEVELOPMENT as your topic.

    The sub topic is A NATURE OF URBAN TOURISM. Urban tourism is tourism that takes place in towns and cities where historic heritage is not the main attracation, even though the settlement may have some buildings pre-dating the industrial revolution. Urban tourism includes wide range of activities and experiences from sightseeing, visiting cultural attraction (e.g. art galleries, concerts, opera, shows, musuem etc.), attending special events, leisure shopping, eating out and drinking, meeting people (e.g. friend and relatives), dancing and so on.

    Further more you can see a video of urban tourism from UNWTO:

    What do you think about the video? Lets discuss it

  • Transport for Tourist Attraction Development

    Welcome to the last topic of the subject, it is a TRANSPORTATION FOR TOURIST ATTRACTION DEVELOPMENT. If you remember the Plogs model of Push and Pull Factor in the first topic, there will be a role of travel pattern or what kind of mode transportation you will use to get destination and how you get back to your own home country.

    It is impossible for people to get to the destination without any mode of transportation, because you are not bird that can fly or a fish that can swim cross the ocean or a horse that run on the road or there is a technology just like a jumper movie. Lets take a look of jumper movie clip below:

    So, what do you think about the movie? Lets discuss it

  • 30 January - 5 February

    The Management of Visitor Attractions
    • 6 February - 12 February

      Final Assignment
      1. Waktu ujian adalah 150 menit dan merupakan ujian buku terbuka (open book).
      2. Kerjakan semua soal yang tersedia.
      3. Total nilai ujian adalah 100 (seratus) poin. Setiap soal mempunyai bobot nilai yang sama.
      4. Peserta harus dapat memberikan jawaban secara jelas dan sistematik.
      • 13 February - 19 February

        The Management of Visitor Attractions
        • 20 February - 26 February

          The Management of Visitor Attractions
          • 5 March - 11 March